The strictest moderation is required in the use of perfumes, else they become very offensive and disagreeable. Musk and patchouli should be discarded, as to people of sensitive temperament, their odor is exceedingly unpleasant. Cologne water is good and never offensive."
While this author disapproves of musk, it turns up in a large number of cosmetic recipes in the 19th century (and earlier), often combined with its close companions, civet and ambergris. All three come from animal sources and are very strong-smelling so a little goes a long way-- and a good thing too, given the prohibitive cost, both then and now. Musk and civet cannot be obtained without harm to the animal so they have been banned in many places and replaced with synthetics.
Recipes for cologne water vary; they consist of an alcohol base with added scent, much like modern perfumes.
Source: Deportment and Social Culture, 1882